NARRATIVE INTERPRETATION E-1
Axis leftwards of −30 degrees. Broad QRS with rsR′ pattern and T-wave inversion leads V1–V3. Aberrantly conducted complex on rhythm strip.
Wide complex tachyarrhythmia, probably supraventricular in origin. (Possible atrial flutter with 2:1 AV conduction.) Aberrantly conducted complex on rhythm strip. RBBB with associated ST-T-wave changes. LAFB. Left-axis deviation.
18, (19), 50, 64, 70, 72, 104.
Comment: The differentiation of ventricular tachycardia versus supraventricular tachycardia with aberrancy is one of the most challenging aspects of clinical electrocardiography. Analyzing a number of factors can assist in the diagnosis; but in this tracing, conflicting criteria appear. The RBBB pattern present in lead V1 suggests aberrancy, but the specific rsR′ configuration is not classic. Conversely, the left axis favors ventricular ectopy. The rate of 158 somewhat favors ventricular tachycardia, but this finding is neither sensitive nor specific. The QRS duration of 0.13 s does not help to distinguish the origin of the tachyarrythmia.
Remember that a patient may have an underlying conduction abnormality to explain the wide complex. This indeed turns out to be the case in this patient (see next tracing). If one makes a very careful search in lead aVF, tiny, notched P waves can be seen before and after the QRS, suggesting that the rhythm is atrial flutter with 2:1 AV conduction. Without serial tracings or more information, it would be difficult to conclude this diagnosis.
et al: Wide QRS complex tachycardia. Ann Intern Med
et al: Useful clinical criteria for the diagnosis of ventricular tachycardia. Am J Med
KI: The value of the electrocardiogram in the differential diagnosis of a tachycardia with a widened QRS complex. Am J Med 84:27–33, 1978.
A 77-year-old man with lightheadedness.
Axis leftward of −30 degrees. Broad QRS with rsR′ pattern and T-wave inversion leads V1–V3.
Atrial fibrillation. Period of high-grade AV block with accelerated AV junctional rhythm. RBBB with associated ST-T-wave changes. Left anterior fascicular block. Left-axis deviation.
20, 23, 46, 64, 70, 72, 104.
Comment: When comparing this tracing with the previous electrocardiogram, one can now determine that the wide complex tachyarrhythmia was secondary to ...